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January 24th, 2015

Word study of Dove, Turtledove, Pigeon

Doves, turtledoves, and pigeons are mentioned quite often throughout the Bible. Are these turtledoves the same kind as the ones we see out the window here in Pennsylvania - the ones who coo so nicely? According to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, there were three main types of turtledoves in ancient Israel:

-Palm Dove (also called Laughing Doves) - chestnut colored birds that liked to house in palm trees.
-Collared Dove - cream colored birds with a black marking at their necks. They dwell around the Dead Sea and the Jordan River.
-Rock Dove - larger, darker colored birds that made their homes in mountains, caves, and rocks.


The following Hebrew words are translated as "turtledove", "dove", or "pigeon":

גּוֹזָל
GOZAL: a nestling
(word comes from the sound of GAZAL - to rob)
used twice in the Bible

Genesis 15:9 - Abraham’s offering (young pigeon)
Deuteronomy 32:11 - Moses’ song compares God to an eagle which flutters over her young and carries them


תּוֹר
TOR: a turtledove
(onomatopoeia; also used for someone dear or timid)
used 14 times in the Bible

Genesis 15:9 - Abraham’s offering (turtledove)
Leviticus 1:14 - birds acceptable for burnt sacrifice (turtledoves)
Leviticus 5:7, 11 - birds acceptable for trespass offering (turtledoves)
Leviticus 12:6, 8 - sacrifice for purification after giving birth (turtledoves)
Leviticus 14:22, 30 - sacrifice for cleansing from leprosy (turtledoves)
Leviticus 15:14, 29 - sacrifice for cleansing from an unclean issue (turtledoves)
Numbers 6:10 - sacrifice for Nazarites if s/he is made unclean by death (turtledoves)

Psalm 74:19 - God’s people are compared to turtledoves
Song of Songs 2:12 - singing birds in springtime
Jeremiah 8:7 - birds know their appointed times, but the people are foolish



יוֹנָה
YONAH: a dove or pigeon
(a term of endearment; also the name of the prophet Jonah)
used 32 times in the Bible

Genesis 8:8-12 - the dove that Noah sent to search for dry land after the flood
Leviticus 1:14 - birds acceptable for burnt sacrifice (pigeons)
Leviticus 5:7, 11 - birds acceptable for trespass offering (pigeons)
Leviticus 12:6, 8 - sacrifice for purification after giving birth (pigeons)
Leviticus 14:22, 30 - sacrifice for cleansing from leprosy (pigeons)
Leviticus 15:14, 29 - sacrifice for cleansing from an unclean issue (pigeons)
Numbers 6:10 - sacrifice for Nazarites if s/he is made unclean by death (pigeons)

2 Kings 6:25 - Samaria is besieged and even bird dung is sold for money
Psalm 55:6 - David wishes that he had wings like a dove and could fly away to safety
Psalm 68:13 - God's blessings of victory are compared to wings coated in silver and gold
Song of Songs 1:15, 2:13, 4:1, 5:2, 5:12, 6:9 - The lovers compare each other to doves
Isaiah 38:14 - King Hezekiah mourned like a dove when he was deathly ill
Isaiah 59:11 - God’s people moan like doves and look for justice
Isaiah 60:8 - the Gentiles arise and come, like doves to their roosts
Jeremiah 48:28 - the people of Moab are encouraged to flee to the mountains like doves
Ezekiel 7:16 - the survivors are compared to mourning doves
Hosea 7:11 - Ephraim is compared to a silly dove
Hosea 11:11 - God’s people are compared to trembling doves as they are set free
Nahum 2:7 - Nineveh is compared to crying doves

Random note: 12 years in Luke 8

I was reading the story of the raising of Jairus' daughter and the healing of the woman from bleeding today. A detail struck me as interesting. Jairus' daughter was around 12 years old and the woman had had her ailment 12 years as well. Hm, I never noticed that before... Is there some connection between the two healings? Between raising from the dead and cleansing the unclean? Hmm...

The account is in Luke 8.

Snow, snow, snow!

My birthday cookie with snow :)



The snow outside today:

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