Megan (jehoshabeath) wrote,
Megan
jehoshabeath

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Notes on the kings

Here are some notes that I wanted to aggregate for future reading and study of Kings and Chronicles. Now, these are just my sloppy notes, so nothing here is cited or QC'd for accuracy.

REHOBOAM
Reign: Ages: 41 years old - c 58 years old
Reign: Length: 17 years

Israel: King: Jeroboam
Israel: Relationship: "there were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days"

Personal: Name: "who enlarges the people"
Personal: Mother: Naamah, an Ammonitess
Personal: Wives: 18 wives, 60 concubines
Personal: Children: 28 sons, 60 daughters
Personal: Mother of crown prince: Most beloved wife - Maachah/Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, [grand]daughter of Absalom/Abishalom.

Events:
Consults the elders and young men regarding the people's request for a lighter load. Answers the people harshly.
Israel revolts.
Sends Adoram/Hadoram, who was in charge of revenue. Adoram is stoned.
Assembles the men of Judah and Benjamin (180,000 warriors) to battle Israel.
God orders them not to fight Israel. They return home.
Builds these cities for fortified defense: Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, Beth Zur, Sochoh, Adullam, Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron.
Levites from Israel come to Jerusalem.
"they walked in the way of David and Solomon for three years."
Sends his sons to the fortified cities and stores provisions there.
When his kingdom is strengthened and established, he turns away from the law of the LORD.
5th year of reign (c. 46 y/o): Shishak king of Egypt comes up against Jerusalem and takes all the treasures, including the gold shields that King Solomon had made. King Rehoboam and leaders humble themselves and God spares them destruction. King Rehoboam makes bronze shields in place of the golden ones that were lost.

Judgment: King Rehoboam: "he did evil, because he did not prepare his heart to seek the LORD."
Judgment: Judah: "Judah did evil...For they also built for themselves high places, sacred pillars, and wooden images...And there were also perverted persons in the land."

Prophets: Shemaiah

Other sources: the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah, the book of Shemaiah the prophet, the book of Iddo the seer


ABIJAH/ABIJAM
Reign: Ages: ?
Reign: Length: 3 years

Israel: King: Jeroboam
Israel: Relationship: "there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life"

Treaties: Tabrimmon, King of Syria (?)

Personal: Mother: Maachah/Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, the [grand]daughter of Abishalom
Personal: Wives: 14 wives
Personal: Children: 22 sons, 16 daughters

Events:
Battle with Jeroboam. Judah has 400,000 warriors; Israel has 800,000 warriors. Before the battle, King Abijah stands on Mount Zemaraim (in Ephraim) and tells Israel not to attack because if they do, they will be fighting against the LORD. Judah is ambushed and cries out to God. God strikes Israel and Israel flees before Judah. 500,000 of 800,000 Israelite warriors are slain.
King Abijah pursues Jeroboam and takes these cities from him: Bethel, Jeshanah, and Ephrain/Ephron. Jeroboam does not recover strength.
King Abijah grows mighty.

Judgment: King Abijah: "he walked in all the sins of his father...his heart was not loyal to the LORD his God"

Other sources: the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah, the annals of the prophet Iddo


ASA
Reign: Ages: ?
Reign: Length: 41 years

Israel: King: Jeroboam, Nadab, Baasha, Zimri, Omri, Ahab
Israel: Relationship: "there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days"

Personal: Name: his name means "physician"
Personal: Grandmother: Maachah the granddaughter of Abishalom

Events:
2nd year of reign: Nadab (son of Jeroboam) becomes king over Israel.
3rd year of reign: Baasha (son of Ahijah, of Issachar) conspires and kills King Nadab at Gibbethon in the land of the Philistines. King Baasha kills all the house of Jeroboam.
6th (?) year of reign: King Asa's son Jehoshaphat is born.
circa 15th year of reign: King Asa's army is 580,000 warriors. Ethiopian army of 1,000,000 comes against King Asa at Mareshah. King Asa cries out to God for help. God strikes the Ethiopian army and it flees before Judah. They pursue them as far as Gerar and take much spoil. Azariah prophecies. The people gather at the temple and offer 700 bulls and 7,000 sheep from the spoil. There the people enter into a covenant to seek the LORD God. God gives them peace for 20 years. (Asa's son Jehoshaphat is about 10 y/o.)
26th year of reign: Elah (son of Baasha) becomes king over Israel.
27th year of reign: Zimri (Elah's servant, commander of half his chariots) conspires and kills King Elah in Tirzah while drunk at his steward Arza's house. King Zimri kills all the house of Baasha. Seven days later, Israel makes Omri (commander of the army) king in Gibbethon. King Omri besieges Tirzah. King Zimri burns the king's house down upon himself. Israel is divided equally between following Tibni (son of Ginath) and Omri (commander of the army). (Asa's son Jehoshaphat is about 20 y/o)
31st year of reign: Omri becomes king of Israel. (Asa's son Jehoshaphat is about 25 y/o and Jehoshaphat's eldest son is born around this time.)
36th year of reign: King Baasha of Israel builds Ramah to let none go in/out to King Asa. King Asa takes remaining silver and gold from the treasuries and gives it to Ben-Hadad, king of Syria, as payment to make war against Israel. Ben-Hadad does so. Builds Geba and Mizpah from the materials previously used for Ramah.
38th year of reign: Ahab (son of Omri) becomes king over Israel.
39th year of reign: King Asa becomes diseased in his feet in his old age. He does not seek the LORD, but physicians.

Judgment: King Asa: "Asa did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, as did his father David." King Asa banished perverted persons, removed idols, removed queen mother Maachah, cut down and burned Maachah's obscene image of Asherah, brought dedicated things (utensils) into the house of the LORD. He also commanded Judah to seek the LORD and to observe the law. He restored the altar of the LORD in the temple.

Prophets: Azariah (son of Oded), Hanani the seer

Other sources: the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah, the book of the kings of Judah and Israel


JEHOSHAPHAT
Reign: Ages: 35 years old (his son Jehoram is about 8 y/o) - about 60 y/o
Reign: Length: 25 years

Personal: Name: his name means "whom Jehovah judges"
Personal: Mother: Azubah the daughter of Shilhi
Personal: Sons: Jehoram, Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azaryahu, Michael, Shephatiah

Israel: King: Ahab, Ahaziah (son of Ahab)
Israel: Relationship: "there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days"

Events:
Undated: King Jehoshaphat establishes his kingdom, mans the fortified cities.
3rd year of reign: Sends his leaders (Ben-Hail, Obadiah, Zechariah, Nethanel, Michaiah) to teach in the cities of Judah and with them he sends Levites (Shemaiah, Nethaniah, Zebadiah, Asahel, Shemiramoth, Jehonathan, Adonijah, Tobijah, and Tobadonijah) and priests (Elishama and Jehoram). They take the Book of the Law of the LORD with them and teach the people.
Undated:King Jehoshaphat's army included: Adnah (over 300,000 warriors), Jehohanan (over 280,000 warriors), Amasiah (son of Zichri, over 200,000 warriors), Eliada (over 200,000 warriors), Jehozabad (over 180,000 warriors).
Undated: Sets judges in the fortified cities of Judah.
Undated: An army from Moab, Ammon, and Mount Seir rise against Judah. King Jehoshaphat declares a fast and seeks the LORD. He prays and the LORD answers by a prophet and commands them to go out against them and to see the salvation of the LORD. They do so and sing. The enemy armies destroy themselves and Judah gains much spoil. They bless God in the Valley of Berachah.
17th (?) year of reign: King Ahab of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah go up to Ramoth Gilead to do battle with Syria. King Ahab is killed in battle by a stray arrow. Ahaziah (son of Ahab) becomes king of Israel.
c. 18th year of reign (or) 2nd year of the reign of Jehoram: Israel's king Ahaziah dies of injuries sustained from a fall through a lattice in his home; and because he has no sons, another of Ahab's sons (Jehoram) becomes king in Israel. (Jehoshaphat is about 55; his son Jehoram is in his late 20's; Jehoram's youngest son is about 10)
c. 23rd (?) year of reign: Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram reigns as the king of Judah, but Jehoshaphat lives for a few more years (Jehoshaphat is about 60)
Undated: King Jehoshaphat allies himself with King Ahaziah king of Israel. They make ships to go to Tarshish/Ophir in Ezion Geber. The ships were wrecked.
Undated: King Jehoshaphat goes with King Jehoram of Israel against Moab. They go roundabout through Wilderness of Edom. God sends water and delivers Moab into their hands by causing Moab to believe that the water is blood.


Judgment: King Jehoshaphat: "he walked in all the ways of his father Asa...doing what was right in the eyes of the LORD." He also banished the remaining perverted persons. However, he did make peace with Israel.


Prophets: Micaiah (son of Imlah), Jehu (son of Hanani the seer), Elisha (son of Shaphat), Jahaziel (son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph), Eliezer (son of Dodavah of Mareshah)
Priests: Amariah the chief priest

Other sources: the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah, the book of Jehu the son of Hanani


JEHORAM
Reign: Ages: 32 - (his youngest son is about 14 y/o)
Reign: Length: 8 years

Personal: Name: his name means "Jehovah is high" (Did his father, King Jehoshaphat, name his eldest son after the priest Jehoram or one of Ahab's sons, Jehoram?)

Israel: King: Ahaziah, Jehoram (son of Ahab)


c. 2nd year of the reign of Jehoram (or) 18th year of reign of Jehoshaphat</i>: Israel's king Ahaziah dies of injuries sustained from a fall through a lattice in his home; and because he has no sons, another of Ahab's sons (Jehoram) becomes king in Israel. (Jehoram's youngest son is about ?)


Faith and history: Jehoram led Judah astray from seeking God. He received a letter from Elijah that expressed God's anger and prophesied about hard times ahead.

Events:
After securing his throne (date not known): he murders his brothers, the sons of King Jehoshaphat. (Jehoshaphat had 7 sons: Jehoram, Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azaryahu, Michael, and Shephatiah.)
Later (date not known): all of King Jehoram's sons except his youngest are carried off by foreigners and killed. His wives and many precious treasures are also taken away at this time.
7th and 8th year of his reign: During his last two years, he suffered a disease of the bowel and died from it. "to no one's sorrow, [he] departed"




2 kings 8
2 chron 21



AHAZIAH/JEHOAHAZ
Reigned: 1 year

Family: his mother is Athaliah; his name means "whom Jehovah upholds" or "whom Jehovah holds fast"
Anointment: Ahaziah is 22 when he becomes king of Judah; it seems that he may have had a few sons, the youngest of whom was probably born around this time

Faith and history: Ahaziah followed in his father and mother's footsteps by provoking God and sinning like the rest of the house of Ahab. His mother and others from Ahab's house advised him.

Ahaziah went to visit his injured uncle, King Jehoram of Israel. When he did, Jehu killed both kings, along with Ahaziah's nephews. Jehu also saw that the 70 sons of Ahab and the rest of Ahab's family were killed. All of the remaining royal heirs of Judah (except for one of Ahaziah's sons) were killed by their grandmother, Athaliah, in Judah.

JOASH/JEHOASH
Reigned: 40 years

Family: his mother was Zibiah of Beersheba, Judah (?); his name means "Jehovah supports"
Anointment: Joash was anointed as king at the temple when he was 7 or 8 years old. This was 7 years after his father was killed. At the time of his anointing, his grandmother was executed.

Faith and history: King Joash did right in the eyes of God all the years that Jehoiada was priest. Jehoiada lived to be 130.

23rd year of his reign: Collections were taken in order to repair the temple; Jehoahaz the son of Jehu becomes king in Israel.
40th year of his reign: King Joash is killed as a result of a conspiracy by two of his servants who wanted to avenge the blood of one of the prophets that King Joash had had killed.
Tags: bible study, history, i kings, ii chronicles, ii kings
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