Megan (jehoshabeath) wrote,

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1 Samuel notes

Very brief summary notes for reference from 1st Samuel, chapters 16-31.


Chapter 9
Saul searches for his father's donkeys and meets Samuel.

Chapter 10
Samuel anoints Saul privately and signs come to pass.
Samuel declares Saul to be king before the people at Mizpah. Some follow Saul home to Gibeah.

Chapter 11-12
Saul rallies the people and they defeat the Ammonites at Jabesh Gilead (possibly east of the Jordan).
The people celebrate Saul as king in Gilgal. Samuel warns and teaches them there.

Chapter 13
Michmash and Bethel: Saul has 2,000 men.
Gibeah: Saul's son Jonathan has 1,000 men.

Jonathan attacks the Philistine garrison in Geba and Saul calls the people to Gilgal. The Philistines encamp against Israel at Michmash and the people flee and hide. Saul waits for Samuel at Gilgal 7 days and then offers a sacrifice. Samuel arrives and rebukes him and informs him that his kingship will not continue forever. Saul leaves and goes to Gibeah. He stays there with his son and his men. There are 600 men with him now. Philistine raiders cause havoc.

Chapter 14
Abner (Saul's cousin?) is the commander of the army.

Jonathan and his armor bearer attach the Philistine garrison and succeed. The battle shifts to Beth Aven. Saul makes an oath that none of his men may eat. Jonathan eats a little wild honey, but is spared.

Chapter 15
Through Samuel, God orders Saul to destroy Amalek. Saul has 200,000 foot soldiers, but does not obey the command by sparing some of the spoil and the king of Amalek. Saul builds a monument for himself in Carmel and goes to Gilgal. God tells Samuel the news and Samuel spends the night crying out to God for Saul. Samuel rebukes Saul and tells him that he has been rejected from being king. Saul explains that he disobeyed because he feared men. Samuel kills Agag, king of Amalek. Samuel returns to Ramah. Saul returns to Gibeah. They never meet again, but Samuel mourns for Saul.

Chapter 16
David is anointed king by Samuel. The Spirit of God comes upon David from that day. The Spirit of God leaves Saul and Saul is plagued by an evil spirit sent by God. Saul sends for David to play the harp in order to ease his misery. Saul is delighted with David and makes him his armor bearer.

Chapter 17
The Philistines gather in Judah. Saul and the army go out to meet them. For 40 days, every morning and evening, Goliath (from Gath) presents himself and challenges Israel. Jesse sends David to the camp to deliver supplies to his brothers and to bring back news. Saul hears David's conversation with the soldiers and sends for him. David challenges Goliath and defeats him. The Israelite army chases the Philistines as far as Ekron. Saul inquires who David's father is so David is brought before him.

Chapter 18
From that day, Jonathan and David make a covenant and become loyal friends. Saul takes David to his house to serve Saul in the army. David acts wisely in all things.

Women greet Saul and David with a song that makes Saul very angry. From this time, Saul eyes David as a threat.

Saul is plagued with the evil spirit and prophesies. David plays the harp to comfort Saul. Saul throws a spear at David in an attempt to kill him.

Saul fears David and makes him a captain of a 1,000. David behaves wisely because God is with David. Saul fears David more, but the rest of the nation loves David.

Saul tries to kill David by sending him into battle, luring him with the offer of marriage to his daughter. Saul's younger daughter Michal loves David, so Saul offers to marry them if David will kill 100 Philistine men. David kills twice that many, so Michal and David are married. Saul is afraid of David because Michal loves him. Saul continues to be David's enemy.

Samuel 19
Saul tells Jonathan and his servants that they should kill David. Jonathan warns David and then speaks with his father about it, protesting that his father has no reason to kill David. Saul agrees not to kill David and Jonathan brings David back into his father's presence.

There is war again. David fights.

The evil spirit plagues Saul and Saul again tries to kill David with a spear while he played the harp; but David escapes. Saul sends messengers to kill David in the morning. David's wife, Michal, told David about this and let him down through a window to escape. Michal disguises the bed and distracts the messengers by telling them that David is sick. The messengers are sent back by Saul to bring David in the bed so Saul can kill him. Saul is angry that Michal helped David to escape.

David goes to Samuel at Ramah and tells Samuel what Saul did. They stay at Naioth. Saul sends messengers to find them, but the messengers begin to prophesy. Later Saul goes himself, but he also prophesies and does not get David or Samuel.

Chapter 20
David flees Naioth and finds Jonathan. Jonathan agrees to test his father's intentions and finds that Saul indeed wishes to kill David. Jonathan communicates this to David with a code message and they part ways after weeping and embracing one another.

Chapter 21
David goes to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest (great-grandson of Eli?). Ahimelech gives David showbread and a sword and David flees that day. One of Saul's servants was there - Doeg the Edomite, the chief of the herdsmen. David next goes to Achish the king of Gath. They thought David was the king of Israel because they knew the song that the women had sung. Afraid, David pretends to be a madman and leaves.

Chapter 22
David next goes to the cave of Adullam. His brothers go to him there. People who were in distress, debt, or discontent gather to David there. David becomes captain over them - about 400 men.

David goes from there to Mizpah (in Moab). He receives permission from the king of Moab to bring his parents there. However, the prophet Gad tells David to go to Judah, and so he goes to the forest of Hereth.

Meanwhile, Saul is in Gibeah/Ramah. After hearing about what Ahimelech did, he has him and 85 priests killed. Saul also has the city of Nob destroyed. One of the sons of Ahimelech named Abiathar escapes and flees to David.

Chapter 23
David hears about Philistine attacks in Keilah and after inquiring of the LORD, goes down and is victorious against them. Saul hears that David is in Keilah and goes to trap him there. David inquires of the LORD using the ephod that Abiathar brought and then he and his men (about 600) leave Keilah.

David remains in the Wilderness of Ziph. Saul seeks to kill David every day. Jonathan finds David in the forest of Ziph and makes a covenant with him. But the people of Ziph tell Saul where David is. David is nearly encircled by Saul at the Rock of Escape, but Saul is called to battle against the Philistines.

Chapter 24
After the battle with the Philistines, Saul hears that David is in En Gedi. He takes 3,000 men and seeks David. Saul stops at a cave where David cuts off a corner of Saul's robe. However, David does not allow anyone to harm Saul. After Saul comes out of the cave, David speaks to him and asks God to judge between them. Saul weeps when he hears David and makes David swear not to cut off his descendants after he becomes king. Afterward, Saul returns home, but David returns to the stronghold.

Chapter 25
Samuel dies and is buried in Ramah.

David goes down to the wilderness of Paran. He sends men to Nabal (from Maon) to ask for supplies, but Nabal answers them rudely. David goes against Nabal, but is met by Abigail, who brings food and wine for his men. Abigail tells Nabal about it the next day and Nabal dies shortly thereafter. David then takes Abigail as his wife. He also takes Ahinoam of Jezreel as a wife. Meanwhile, Michal has been given to another man, one from Gallim.

Chapter 26
The people of Ziph tell Saul where David is (in Hachilah). Saul takes 3,000 men down and encamps in Hachilah. David sees that Saul is pursuing him and goes to Saul's camp with Abishai by night. Abishai asked to kill Saul but David refuses. They take the spear and the jug of water by Saul's head and leave. On the other side on a hill, David later calls out to them. He rebukes Abner for not guarding Saul more carefully. Saul recognizes David's voice. David asks why Saul desires to kill him. Saul asks David to return. David went away and Saul returned to his place.

Chapter 27
David fears that Saul will someday kill him, so he goes to Philistia to Achish, king of Gath with his 600 men. When Saul hears that, he stops pursuing David. David asks Achish for a place to dwell, and the king gives him Ziklag. David remains there 16 months. David raided the Geshurites, Girzites, and Amalekites, killing the inhabitants, but taking the spoil to Achish.

Chapter 28
Philistia prepares to go to war against Israel, including Achish and David. They encamp at Shunem. Saul encamps at Gilboa, but he is very afraid when he sees the enemy army. Saul inquires of the LORD, but doesn't receive a reply. So, he calls up Samuel from the dead through a medium to ask what he should do. Samuel is angry and tells Saul that tomorrow he and his sons will be with him and that Israel will be defeated. Saul falls on the ground, very afraid and weary from hunger, but he leaves later that night.

Chapter 29
The Philistines gather their armies at Aphek, but the princes send David away in peace.

Chapter 30
David returns to Ziklag to find that the Amalekites have burned it and taken the inhabitants captive. David and his men weep and some even threaten to kill David in their grief. However, David commands Abiathar to bring the ephod the through that, the LORD tells them to pursue the troop. An Egyptian servant shows them the way and they are victorious against the Amalekites. David's wives are rescued. David sends presents to his friends in Judah, where he and his men had wandered.

Chapter 31
There is battle between Philistia and Israel. Israel flees and are slain on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines kill Saul's sons Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua. Archers hit Saul and he is severely wounded. Saul falls on his own sword. The Israelites in the area flee and the Philistines take their cities. The next day, the Philistines find Saul and his three sons. They cut off Saul's head, fasten his body to the wall of Beth Shan place his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths. Valiant men from Jabesh Gilead go by night and take the bodies of Saul and his sons from the wall, burn them, and bury their bones in Jabesh.


Issachar/Manasseh (north to south)
Jezreel (southeast: Mt Gilboa; eastward: Beth-shan, Jabesh Gilead across the Jordan)

Ephraim (north to south)
Shiloh (westward: Aphek)
Bethel and Ai

Benjamin (north to south)
Ramah (Samuel's home; eastward: Geba, Michmash)
Gibeah (Saul's home)

Bethlehem (David's home; westward: Gath)
Ziph (eastward: En Gedi)
Carmel (Abigail's home; westward: Ziklag)
Maon (Nabal's home)
Tags: bible people, bible study, i samuel

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