Megan (jehoshabeath) wrote,
Megan
jehoshabeath

References between prophets and the Torah

I've been curious to get a better grasp on how the Old Testament saints quote the Old Testament. I found one reference book that's provided a helpful starting point. The New Treasury of Scripture Knowledge by Jerome H. Smith notes places where the prophets quote/reference the Torah. I skimmed through the references for Jonah, Habakkuk, Nahum, and Zephaniah looking for these references and jotted down some quick notes here for later reference.

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Jealous God
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Exodus 20:3-7 "You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself a carved image - any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments..."

Exodus 34:14 (for you shall worship no other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God)

Deuteronomy 4:24 For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

Nahum 1:2 God is jealous...

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Curses
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Deuteronomy 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if you do not obey the voice of the Lord your God, to observe carefully all His commandments and His statutes which I command you today, that all these curses will come upon you and overtake you...

v28 The Lord will strike you with madness and blindness and confusion of heart.

Zephaniah 1:17

v30 ...you shall build a house, but you shall not dwell in it; you shall plant a vineyard, but shall not gather its grapes.
v29 You shall plant vineyards and tend them, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.

Zephaniah 1:13

v49-50 The Lord will bring a nation against you from afar, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flies, a nation whose language you will not understand, a nation of fierce countenance, which does not respect the elderly nor show favor to the young.

Habakkuk 1:6-8

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those who worship the host of heaven
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Deuteronomy 17:2-7 If there is found among you, within any of your gates which the Lord your God gives you, a man or a woman who has been wicked in the sight of the Lord your God, in transgressing His covenant, who has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, either the sun or moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded, and it is told you, and you hear of it, then you shall inquire diligently. And if it is indeed true and certain that such an abomination has been committed in Israel, then you shall bring out to your gates that man or woman who has committed that wicked thing, and shall stone to death that man or woman with stones. Whoever is deserving of death shall be put to death on the testimony of two or three witnesses; he shall not be put to death on the testimony of one witness. The hands of the witnesses shall be the first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So you shall put away the evil from among you.

Deuteronomy 4:19 And take heed, lest you lift your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, you feel driven to worship them and serve them, which the Lord your God has given to all the peoples under the whole heaven as a heritage.

Zephaniah 1:5

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sorcery
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Exodus 22:18 You shall not permit a sorceress to live.
Deuteronomy 18:10 There shall not be found among you anyone who makes his son or his daughter pass through the fire, or one who practices witchcraft, or a soothsayer, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer...

Nahum 3:4

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I will punish
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Exodus 32:34 Now therefore, go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. Behold, My Angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I visit for punishment, I will visit punishment upon them for their sin.

Zephaniah 1:8, 9, 12

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pay your vows
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Deuteronomy 23:21 When you make a vow to the Lord your God, you shall not delay to pay it; for the Lord your God will surely require it of you, and it would be sin to you.

Jonah 2:9
Nahum 1:15

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Write very plainly
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Deuteronomy 27:8 And you shall write very plainly on the stones all the words of this law.
Habakkuk 2:2 ..."Write the vision and make it plain on tablets, that he may run who reads it..."

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You sin against your own soul
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Numbers 16:38 "...these men who sinned against their own souls..."
Proverbs 8:36 But he who sins against me wrongs his own soul...
Habakkuk 2:10 You...sin against your soul.

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When He passes through
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Nahum 1:12 "...Yet in this manner they will be cut down when he passes through..."
Exodus 12:12 "For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn..."

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the earth shall be filled with His glory
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Numbers 14:20-23 Then the Lord said: "I have pardoned, according to your word; but truly, as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord - because all these men who have seen My glory and the signs which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have put Me to the test now these ten times, and have not heeded My voice, they certainly shall not see the land of which I swore to their fathers, nor shall any of those who rejected Me see it..."

Habakkuk 2:14 For the earth will be filled
With the knowledge of the glory of the Lord,
As the waters cover the sea.

Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,
For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord
As the waters cover the sea.

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high hills?
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Habakkuk 3:19
Deuteronomy 32:13
Deuteronomy 33:29

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labor in vain
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Habakkuk 2:13 Behold, is it not of the Lord of hosts
That the peoples labor to feed the fire,
And nations weary themselves in vain?

Jeremiah 51:58 Thus says the Lord of hosts: "The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken,
And her high gates shall be burned with fire;
The people will labor in vain,
And the nations, because of the fire;
And they shall be weary."

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Poetic
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Habakkuk 3:3a God came from Teman, The Holy One from Mount Paran. Selah
Numbers 10:12, 12:16, 13:26

Nahum 1:4 He rebukes the sea and makes it dry...
Habakkuk 3:10 ...The overflowing of the water passed by...
Exodus chapter 14

Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw You and trembled...
Exodus 19:18 Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly.
Tags: habakkuk, isaiah, jeremiah, jonah, nahum, proverbs, torah, zephaniah
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